José Alberto de Oliveira Anchieta

José Alberto de Oliveira Anchieta was a Brazilian Jesuit priest, poet, playwright, grammarian, and missionary. He is widely regarded as one of the most important figures in the history of Brazil, and is often referred to as the “Apostle of Brazil”. Anchieta was born in 1534 in São Paulo, Brazil, to a Portuguese family. He was educated at the Jesuit College of Coimbra in Portugal, and was ordained a priest in 1553.

Anchieta returned to Brazil in 1554, and was assigned to the Jesuit mission in São Paulo. He quickly became a leader in the mission, and was instrumental in the conversion of many indigenous people to Christianity. He also wrote extensively about the customs and beliefs of the native people, and his writings are considered some of the earliest ethnographic accounts of Brazil. Anchieta was also a skilled diplomat, and was able to negotiate peace between the Portuguese and the indigenous people.

Anchieta was also a prolific writer. He wrote numerous plays, poems, and grammars, and is credited with creating the first written works in the Portuguese language in Brazil. He also wrote a number of religious works, including a catechism and a book of devotions. His most famous work is the epic poem “Caramuru”, which tells the story of a Portuguese sailor who is shipwrecked in Brazil and falls in love with a native woman.

Anchieta was also an important figure in the development of Brazilian culture. He was a major influence on the development of the Brazilian language, and is credited with introducing the use of the Tupi language into Portuguese. He also wrote a number of hymns, which are still sung in Brazil today.

Anchieta died in 1597, and was buried in the Jesuit church in São Paulo. He is remembered as one of the most important figures in the history of Brazil, and his legacy lives on in the works he wrote and the people he converted. His writings and teachings are still studied and admired today, and he is remembered as a great missionary, poet, and scholar.