Iowa is a state located in the Midwestern United States. It is bordered by Minnesota to the north, Wisconsin and Illinois to the east, Missouri to the south, and South Dakota and Nebraska to the west. Iowa is the 26th most populous state in the United States, with a population of 3.2 million people. It is also the 30th most extensive state in terms of land area, covering 56,272 square miles.

The history of Iowa dates back to the early 1600s, when the area was inhabited by Native American tribes such as the Sioux, Ioway, and Otoe. The first Europeans to explore the area were French explorers, who arrived in the late 1600s. The first permanent European settlement in Iowa was established in 1788 by Julien Dubuque, a French-Canadian fur trader. Dubuque established a trading post near present-day Dubuque, Iowa.

In 1803, the United States acquired the area from France as part of the Louisiana Purchase. The area was initially part of the Indiana Territory, but in 1809 it was made part of the newly created Illinois Territory. In 1818, the area was made part of the Michigan Territory, and in 1834 it became part of the Wisconsin Territory.

In 1838, the Iowa Territory was established, with Burlington as its capital. The territory included the present-day states of Iowa, Minnesota, and parts of North and South Dakota. The first governor of the Iowa Territory was Robert Lucas, who served from 1838 to 1841.

In 1846, Iowa became the 29th state to join the Union. The state was admitted to the Union on December 28, 1846. The capital of Iowa was moved from Burlington to Iowa City in 1857.

During the Civil War, Iowa was a major supplier of troops and supplies to the Union Army. Iowa was also the site of several battles, including the Battle of Shiloh and the Battle of Vicksburg.

In the late 19th century, Iowa experienced a period of rapid growth and development. The state's population increased from 674,913 in 1880 to 1,624,615 in 1900. This growth was largely due to the influx of immigrants from Europe, as well as the development of the state's agricultural and industrial sectors.

In the 20th century, Iowa continued to experience growth and development. The state's population increased from 2,231,853 in 1920 to 2,776,755 in 1950. The state's economy also continued to grow, with the development of the manufacturing and service sectors.

Today, Iowa is a major agricultural state, producing corn, soybeans, hogs, and cattle. The state is also home to a number of major industries, including food processing, machinery manufacturing, and biotechnology. Iowa is also home to several universities, including the University of Iowa, Iowa State University, and Drake University.

The history of Iowa is a long and varied one, spanning centuries of exploration, settlement, growth, and development. From its early days as a French trading post to its modern-day status as a major agricultural and industrial state, Iowa has played an important role in the history of the United States.