Washington is a state located in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States. It is the 18th largest state in the country and the 13th most populous. It is bordered by Oregon to the south, Idaho to the east, and the Canadian province of British Columbia to the north. Washington is known for its diverse landscape, which includes the Cascade Mountains, Puget Sound, and the Olympic Mountains.

The history of Washington dates back to the early 19th century, when the area was first explored by Europeans. The first Europeans to explore the area were members of the Lewis and Clark Expedition, who arrived in 1805. They were followed by fur traders, who established trading posts in the area. In 1811, the first permanent settlement was established at Fort Nisqually, near present-day Tacoma.

The area was part of the Oregon Territory until 1853, when it was officially organized as the Washington Territory. The first governor of the territory was Isaac Stevens, who was appointed by President Franklin Pierce. Stevens was responsible for the creation of the first public school system in the territory, as well as the establishment of the University of Washington.

In 1889, Washington became the 42nd state in the Union. The state was named after George Washington, the first president of the United States. The state's economy was largely based on the timber industry, which was a major source of revenue for the state.

In the early 20th century, Washington experienced a period of rapid growth and development. The state's population increased significantly, and the economy shifted from timber to other industries, such as agriculture and manufacturing. The state also experienced a period of political turmoil, as the Progressive movement gained traction in the state.

In the late 20th century, Washington experienced a period of economic growth and development. The state's economy shifted from manufacturing to technology and services, and the state became a major hub for the technology industry. The state also experienced a period of political stability, as the Democratic Party held a majority in the state legislature for several decades.

Today, Washington is a vibrant and diverse state. It is home to a variety of industries, including technology, agriculture, and tourism. The state is also home to a number of major cities, including Seattle, Spokane, and Tacoma. Washington is a popular destination for tourists, and it is known for its natural beauty and outdoor recreation opportunities.

Washington has a long and rich history, and it has played an important role in the development of the United States. From its early exploration by Europeans to its modern-day status as a major technology hub, Washington has been an important part of the nation's history.