Bangladesh is a small, densely populated country located in South Asia. It is bordered by India to the west, north, and east, and by Myanmar to the southeast. Bangladesh is the world's eighth most populous country, with a population of over 163 million people. It is the world's most densely populated major country, with a population density of more than 1,000 people per square kilometer.

Bangladesh is a developing country, with a GDP per capita of $1,876 in 2019. The country has made significant progress in reducing poverty, with the poverty rate falling from 57.7% in 1991 to 24.3% in 2018. Bangladesh has also made progress in improving health outcomes, with life expectancy increasing from 59.5 years in 1990 to 72.3 years in 2019.

Bangladesh is a predominantly Muslim country, with 89.7% of the population identifying as Muslim. The country is also home to a significant Hindu population, accounting for 9.2% of the population. Bangladesh is a secular state, with freedom of religion enshrined in the constitution.

Bangladesh is a parliamentary democracy, with a unicameral legislature known as the Jatiya Sangsad. The country is divided into seven administrative divisions, each of which is further divided into districts. The government is headed by the Prime Minister, who is appointed by the President.

Bangladesh has a rich cultural heritage, with a variety of languages, religions, and ethnicities. The country is home to a number of festivals, including the Bengali New Year, Pohela Boishakh, and the Eid-ul-Fitr. Bangladesh is also known for its vibrant music and dance scene, with traditional folk music and modern pop music both popular.

Bangladesh is a major producer of jute, tea, and textiles. The country is also a major exporter of shrimp, and is the world's second-largest producer of natural gas. Bangladesh is a member of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC), and is a founding member of the Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC).

Bangladesh is a country of immense potential, with a young and growing population, a rapidly developing economy, and a rich cultural heritage. The country has made significant progress in reducing poverty and improving health outcomes, and is well-positioned to continue to make progress in the years to come.