Zimbabwe is a landlocked country located in the southern part of Africa. It is bordered by Zambia, Mozambique, South Africa, and Botswana. It is a country with a rich history and culture, and has been home to many different ethnic groups over the centuries.

The earliest inhabitants of Zimbabwe were the San people, who were hunter-gatherers. They were followed by the Bantu-speaking people, who were farmers and herders. The Shona and Ndebele people are the two main ethnic groups in Zimbabwe today.

The first Europeans to arrive in Zimbabwe were the Portuguese in the 16th century. They were followed by the British in the late 19th century, who established the British South Africa Company and colonized the country. The British brought with them a system of racial segregation, which was enforced through the Land Apportionment Act of 1930. This act divided the land among the white settlers and the indigenous people, and gave the white settlers the majority of the land.

The country gained its independence from Britain in 1980, and Robert Mugabe became the first president of Zimbabwe. Under his rule, the country experienced economic growth and development, but also faced a number of challenges. In the late 1990s, the country experienced a period of hyperinflation, which led to a severe economic crisis. This crisis was compounded by the government's land reform program, which saw the seizure of white-owned farms and their redistribution to black Zimbabweans.

The economic crisis led to a period of political unrest, and in 2008, the country held its first democratic elections since independence. The elections were won by the Movement for Democratic Change (MDC), led by Morgan Tsvangirai. However, the MDC's victory was short-lived, as Robert Mugabe was re-elected in 2013.

Today, Zimbabwe is facing a number of challenges, including a weak economy, high unemployment, and a lack of access to basic services. The country is also struggling with a high rate of HIV/AIDS, and the government is working to address this issue.

Despite these challenges, Zimbabwe is a country with a rich history and culture, and is home to many different ethnic groups. It is a country that is striving to overcome its challenges and build a better future for its people.